Written by Gary Dolzall
The upcoming New Haven Alco DL109 pack for Train Simulator will include a magnificent set of NYNH&H’s post-World War II streamlined passenger equipment!
The upcoming New Haven Alco DL109 DLC as developed by DTM for Train Simulator will re-create the extraordinary first-generation diesel locomotive in five authentic New Haven liveries – and the pack will also include a magnificent set of New Haven streamlined passenger equipment featuring ten NYNH&H car types in multiple liveries and with full interiors!
Few were the American railroads that more catered to, or were more reliant upon, the passenger trade than the famed New York, New Haven & Hartford. Just how greatly the New Haven was emersed in people-hauling can be gauged in the fact the railroad, at the end of World War II, was operating 545 passenger and commuter trains a day!
During WWII, war board production restrictions precluded the building of new passenger equipment, but the New Haven had every intention – as stated in one of its own press releases – to get “a running start in the race [for] postwar equipment.” Indeed, the New Haven well used the final war years to plan and model new equipment, including one full-size wooden car mockup built at the railroad’s Readville (Massachusetts) Shops. When production restrictions ended in 1946, NYNH&H immediately ordered 207 new streamlined cars, with a price tag of $20 million, from Pullman-Standard. Pullman-Standard constructed the cars using Cor-Ten steel with fluted stainless-steel sheathing attached (as compared to the Budd Company’s all stainless-steel construction techniques). New Haven’s new streamliners rolled out of Pullman-Standard’s Worcester (Mass.) and Chicago (Illinois) plants from 1947 through 1950 and included a variety of car types ranging from coaches and baggage-lounges to sleepers, diners, and tavern-observations.
Even after its massive 1946 order, the New Haven had a further appetite for new equipment and in 1954-55 the road acquired another 15 sleepers, bringing its total fleet to 222 streamlined cars. To better match service demands, New Haven also slightly revised some of its new cars’ configurations and seating layouts.
With the new cars in service, New Haven’s president stated the railroad had streamlined equipment to equip its daytime services on the railroad’s flagship Shore Line expresses, serve through-trains bound to and from Washington (D.C.) on the Pennsylvania Railroad, and cover premier trains on the New York-Springfield (Massachusetts) trains. Another measure of the sheer magnitude of New Haven passenger operations was that the road, in 1957, operated more than 1,000 passenger and commuter cars of all types.
Alas, as was the case across the land, the New Haven’s new equipment arrived only a few years before the tide turned against America’s favored use of passenger trains. Saddled in no small part by the expense of operating its massive passenger and commuter services, a bankrupt New Haven was folded into ill-fated Penn Central in December 1968 and intercity passenger services were assumed by Amtrak in May 1971. Much of New Haven’s streamlined equipment served throughout the Penn Central era and into the early years of Amtrak, although the latter purchased none of the ex-New Haven cars for long term use. That said, a number of NYNH&H’s streamlined coaches would go on to serve upwards of four decades for commuter carriers including Metro-North and the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA).
To wonderfully accompany its upcoming New Haven Alco DL109, renowned developer DTM has created a beautiful set of ten types of New Haven streamlined equipment. With the advance screenshots and captions that follow, let’s take a look at New Haven’s postwar streamlined passenger equipment which will be included with the extraordinary New Haven Alco DL109 DLC pack! – Gary Dolzall
Baggage-Parlor-Lounge: New Haven’s postwar streamlined passenger fleet included 20 “County” series baggage-parlor-lounge cars, a configuration the NYNH&H had favored dating back to the early 1900s. The cars entered service in 1948. All screenshots by Gary Dolzall.
Coach: New Haven’s postwar fleet was anchored by 103 coaches, built in 1947-1948 and wearing NYNH&H road numbers 8600-8702. The cars seated 64 passengers in their main section and 14 more in a smoking section. Some of the coaches were to survive longer than the New Haven itself and served for four-plus decades. DTM will include the cars both with both their original Hunter green window band and the red-orange band livery applied beginning in 1955. Note: Screenshots depict content while in development.
Diner: Ten full dining cars were included in the New Haven’s postwar streamliner fleet. Weighing in at a robust 77 tons, the diners were equipped with six-wheel trucks, were named after individuals of historic note, and entered service in 1949.
Grill Car: Hungry patrons on New Haven postwar streamliners also often had the option of heading to a 950-series grill car, of which 15 were built in 1949. Like the NYNH&H streamlined dining cars, the grill cars rode on six-wheel trucks.
Parlor Car: Passengers seeking upscale daytime accommodations on New Haven’s postwar streamliners could opt for a seat in the railroad’s parlor cars. Named for online cities and towns, the 25 full parlors were built in 1948. The cars were built with 2-and-1 seating accommodating 52 passengers but were quickly converted to 1-and-1 seating with a capacity of 36 passengers.
Parlor-Lounge: New Haven also operated parlor-lounge cars (above and below). Five “River” series cars entered service in the October 1948 and were later rechristened with names such as New Haven and New Rochelle. All DTM’s upcoming New Haven streamliners feature authentic interior configurations and two interior versions of the parlor-lounge are included.
14-4 Sleeper: New Haven placed into service 27 “Point” series 14-4 sleeping cars in 1949. The handsome cars carried 14 bedrooms and 4 roomettes.
6-4-6 Sleeper: New Haven rostered 11 “Beach” series sleepers with a six-section, four-bedroom, six roomette configuration. The cars were outfitted in a stylish silver and black livery.
Bedroom-Lounge Sleeper: Rounding out New Haven’s postwar sleeper fleet were four “State” series cars which carried six bedroom and a lounge section complete with small buffet. Like the 6-4-6 sleepers the cars were dressed in silver and black.
Tavern-Observation: Queens of the NYNH&H postwar streamliner fleet were the pair of magnificent Tavern-Observation cars named Watch Hill and Bunker Hill (above and below). Typically assigned to New Haven’s premier Merchants Limited, the cars entered service in July 1949 and in 1952 were equipped with rear diaphragms allowing their mid-train use.
Masterfully created by DTM, the New Haven Alco DL109 DLC, complete with the iconic Alco diesel in five authentic liveries and a complete set of NYNH&H streamlined passenger cars is coming soon to Train Simulator!